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Study

Study Name: Fungus garden microbial communities from Trachymyrmex in Gamboa, Panama

Projects

Biosamples

Organisms

Biosamples: 1 Seq. Projects: 1
STUDY NAME
GOLD Study ID Gs0063180
Study Name Fungus garden microbial communities from Trachymyrmex in Gamboa, Panama
Other Names Trachymyrmex garden metagenome community
NCBI Umbrella Bioproject Name
NCBI Umbrella Bioproject ID
Legacy ER Study ID 18180
Legacy GOLD ID Gm00275
Added By Ioanna Pagani on 2010-10-26 00:00:00.0
Last Modified By Ioanna Pagani on 2012-01-17 00:00:00.0
STUDY DESCRIPTION
PI Adams, S
Description Leaf-cutting ants engage in an ancient and obligate mutualism with fungi they cultivate for food. Worker ants forage on fresh leaf material that is used as substrate for growing their fungal crop. An individual mature leaf-cutting ant nest can contain >5 million workers, which can collect nearly 400 kg (dry weight) of plant material per year. Decomposition of plant substrate within the fungus garden is incomplete: as new plant material is added to the top of the fungus garden, workers remove the older, undigested substrate from the bottom and place it in specialized refuse mounds. The more recalcitrant plant polymers accumulate in these dumps, where individual leaf-cutting ant colonies deposit as much as 200 kg (dry weight) of refuse per year. As part of the Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center, we are studying the breakdown of plant biomass within leaf-cutting ant system. In summary, we believe that understanding the basic process of plant biomass conversion in a highly evolved and efficient system has the potential to provide short terms benefits to the GLBRC in terms of discovery of novel microbes and enzymes relevant to lignin-cellulosic ethanol production, as well as having the potential to result in novel technologies and/or insights relevant to bioenergy.
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GOLD CLASSIFICATION
Ecosystem Host-associated
Ecosystem Category Arthropoda
Ecosystem Type Symbiotic fungal gardens and galleries
Ecosystem Subtype Fungus garden
Specific Ecosystem Unclassified
Metagenomic Study Yes
STUDY COMPOSITION
Number of Biosamples 1
Number of Organisms 0
Number of Seq Projects 1
Number of Analysis Projects 1
Number of Related Studies 0

 

 

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