PROJECT INFORMATION
GOLD Project ID
Gp0006263  
Project Name
Alcanivorax sp. DG881  
Other Names
  
Legacy ER Project ID
11013  
Legacy GOLD ID
Gi01400  
NCBI BioProject Name Alcanivorax sp. DG881
NCBI BioProject ID 19279
NCBI BioProject Accession PRJNA19279
NCBI Locus Tag
ADG881  
NCBI BioSample Accession SAMN02436178
PI
Added By Nikos Kyrpides on 2007-11-27
Last Modified By JGI automated process on 2014-03-26
Project Comments
  
Project Status
Permanent Draft  
Project Relevance Marine Microbial Initiative (MMI)
Environmental
Sequencing Center J. Craig Venter Institute (JCVI) (USA)
Collaborating Institute University of Tasmania (Australia)
Funding Agency Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation Marine Microbiology Initiative (USA)
Project Description
Alcanivorax is a globally distributed genus of oil-degrading bacteria. They are extreme halophiles and show a highly restricted range of growth substrates, primarily aliphatic hydrocarbons and a few organic acids. Although Alcanivorax is normally a minor component of unpolluted waters, they will increase to high numbers in oil-polluted waters, where it can comprise >80 % of the hydrocarbon-degrading bacterial community.

However, there is a question of why Alcanivorax is found throughout the worldaa??a??s oceans, when much of the ocean is not polluted with oil. Iits natural reservoir may be in association with hydrocarbon-rich phytoplankton, such as dinoflagellates. During a study of bacteria associated with marine dinoflagellates, we isolated Alcanivorax sp. from three strains of the toxic dinoflagellate Gymnodinium catenatum from Korea, Australia and New Zealand and Dinophysis acuminata from Scotland. This points to Alcanivorax as a potentially important component of the marine carbon cycle in both pristine and polluted waters.

It is also one of only a few bacterial taxa that can stimulate dinoflagellate growth. In this regard, the parallels between Alcanivorax and aa??E?Marinobacter algicolaaa??a?? are striking. Notably, the highly similar (aa??Y99.4 % 16S rDNA similarity) type strain Alcanivorax borkumensis SK2 (Y12579) does not support dinoflagellate growth.  
Project Information Visibility Public
PROJECT TYPE
Specimen Organism
Nucleic Acid DNA
Sequencing Strategy
Whole Genome Sequencing  
EXTERNAL PROJECT LINKS
Project Information
  
Database
  
Genome Publications
  
Other Publications
  
PROJECT COMPOSITION
Study Alcanivorax sp. DG881
Organism Alcanivorax sp. DG881
Analysis Projects Alcanivorax sp. DG881
Number of Analysis Projects 1
Number of DAPs
0  
SEQUENCING INFORMATION
Sequencing Status Complete
Sequencing Quality (MIGS-31)
Finishing Goal
  
Sequencing Comments
  
Sequencing Technology (MIGS-29)
  
Library Method (MIGS-28)
  
Number Of Reads
  
Read Size
  
Vector
  
GC Percent
58  
Chromosome Count
  
Plasmid Count
  
ORGANISM NAME
GOLD Organism ID Go0006263
Organism Name
Alcanivorax sp. DG881  
Other names (alias, synonyms, short names, common names)
  
Organism Domain
BACTERIAL  
Phylogeny
PROTEOBACTERIA-GAMMA  
Genus
Alcanivorax  
Genus Synonyms
  
Species
Alcanivorax sp. DG881  
Subspecies
  
Species Synonyms
  
Strain
DG881  
Strain Synonyms
  
Serovar-Biovar
  
Culture Collection ID
  
Type Strain
Unknown  
Exemplar DOI
  
Exemplar Name
  
Taxon DOI
  
Biosafety Level
  
Organism Comments
  
Cultured
Yes  
Culture Type
Isolate  
Organism Type
Natural  
Uncultured Type
  
Commercial Strain
  
Commercial Strain Comments
  
ORGANISM TAXONOMY
NCBI Taxonomy ID 236097
NCBI Superkingdom
Bacteria  
NCBI Kingdom
  
NCBI Phylum
Proteobacteria  
NCBI Class
Gammaproteobacteria  
NCBI Order
Oceanospirillales  
NCBI Family
Alcanivoracaceae  
NCBI Genus
Alcanivorax  
NCBI Species
Alcanivorax sp. DG881  
ISOLATION CLASSIFICATION
Ecosystem
Host-associated  
Ecosystem Category
Unclassified  
Ecosystem Type
Unclassified  
Ecosystem Subtype
Unclassified  
Specific Ecosystem
Unclassified  
ORGANISM EXTERNAL REFERENCES
Strain Info ID
Genbank 16S ID
GENERAL PROPERTIES
Oxygen Requirement
Aerobe  
Cell Shape
Rod-shaped  
Motility
Nonmotile  
Sporulation
  
Temperature Range
Mesophile  
Temperature Optimum
  
Salinity
Halophile  
pH
  
Cell Diameter
  
Cell Length
  
Color
  
Gram Staining
Gram-  
Biotic Relationships Free living
Symbiotic Physical Interaction
  
Symbiotic Relationship
  
Symbiont Name
  
Symbiont Taxon ID
  
Cell Arrangements
  
Diseases None
Known Habitats Marine
Metabolisms Oil degrading
Phenotypes
  
Energy Sources Heterotroph
Oligotroph

 

 

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